General Dentistry includes examination, diagnosis, treatment planning, treatment, and prevention of disease. The dentist, with the aid of other dental auxiliary, frequently uses X-rays, oral examination and other equipment to ensure correct diagnosis and treatment planning. Treatment may include filling dental cavities, removing the nerves of teeth (R.C.T or Root Canal Treatment), treating diseases of the gums, removing teeth (Extraction), and replacing lost teeth with implants, bridges and dentures (Dental Plates). Anesthesia is often used in any treatment that might cause pain. Teeth may be filled with gold, silver, amalgam, composite resins or cements, and with fused porcelain or metallic inlays. Dentists treat diseases of the mouth and gums such as gingivitis and periodontitis. An important part of general dental practice is preventive dentistry. If a dentist examines a patient's teeth at regular intervals, a disease may be detected and treated before it becomes serious. Dentists also demonstrate proper methods of brushing and flossing the teeth. They may advise their patients about what food to eat or to avoid for good dental health. Dentists may also treat teeth with fluorides or other substances to prevent decay. Recent advances in the field has created new choices for patients seeking a nicer smile and most practices offer such services as teeth whitening, porcelain veneers and fresh breath therapies.
Canadian Dental Association